Water and Sanitation
Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. But due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. Drought afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition.
- FACT: Pneumonia and diarrhea are the leading infectious causes of child mortality worldwide.
- FACT: About 2 million children lose their lives to these preventable illnesses each year.
- FACT: 88% of diarrheal disease infections are caused by poor hygiene, lack of access to sanitation facilities (e.g., toilets, sewage treatment systems), and unsafe drinking water.
Now, let’s talk about water scarcity. Severe droughts, lack of water-related infrastructure and the mismanagement of fresh water supplies all lead to water scarcity. This issue affects more than 40% of the global population, and that number is projected to rise.
When rain stops falling and farmers lack access to proper irrigation systems, food production decreases and hunger begins to worsen. When hazardous chemicals and materials are dumped into rivers and lakes, the water becomes unusable.
None of these situations should happen.
In short, Global Goal 6 seeks to ensure that all people have access to an adequate amount of clean water and sanitation facilities so they can live healthy and productive lives.